Mental Disorders Paper Example 2020
A mental disorder, also known as a mental illness, is a wide range of conditions that affect mood, thinking, behavior, and daily function. Most mental disorders have been grouped together because of their similar characteristics. There are six categories in which all these disorders fall into. Anxiety, mood, psychotic, eating, impulse control, and personality disorders are all categories of mental illness.
Everyone experiences the occasional anxiety, but people with anxiety disorder must deal with it every day. Anxiety disorders tend to obstruct daily activities with fear, panic, and worry (Staff, Anxiety Disorders, 2018). Anxiety disorders can affect anyone. Two common types found in kids are selective mutism and separation anxiety. Both can affect the child's learning and social skills at school. Most people with anxiety disorders find it hard to carry out simple tasks due to the fear and worry of failure. Many people with anxiety disorders also have a mood disorder.
Mood disorders, found in teenagers and adults, is the inconsistency in their emotional state. Mood disorders are a cycle of highs and lows that do not match the person's circumstances. Most mood disorders are some variation of depression (Staff, 2018). Most people believe it is just prolonged sadness, but it is different to everyone. Many people feel hopeless, empty, worthless, and drained. There could be a loss in interest, appetite change, and restlessness. Some people with bipolar depression show similar symptoms to psychotic disorders.
Psychotic disorders, also known as psychosis, are on the extreme scale for mental illnesses. People with psychotic disorders tend to lose touch with the real world. Schizophrenia is a well-known type of psychotic disorder in which the person has delusions and hallucinations. People with this condition think they see, hear, and feel things that are not there. They also tend to have false beliefs and paranoia. The person might need hospitalization due to trying to harm themselves and others (Disorders, 2019).
When most people hear eating disorder, they do not register it as a mental disorder. Eating disorders are thought to be caused by other mental problems as well as a chemical imbalance in the brain. It is thought that the person uses food as a coping mechanism for feelings and emotional pain. Some people limit their food while others binge. Most people think of bulimia and anorexia, but there are eating disorders at the other end of the spectrum (Eating Disorders, 2019). People who binge eat tend to eat a large amount of food in a brief period. Both sides of the spectrum can cause detrimental problems to the person's health. The person may become overweight, severely underweight, or they stay about average.
Impulse control disorder is the most straight forward. This is where people tend to act on impulse and do not resist temptation. It is estimated that 10 percent of the general population has an impulse control disorder (Wagner, 2019). Pyromania, kleptomania, and addiction are all variants of impulsive control disorder. This is normally developed in the teen years and tend to be overlooked. Males tend to be more at risk than females. Impulse control disorders are often seen with other mental illnesses. These impulses tend to be amplified by substance abuse.
Personality disorders are one of the most
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